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Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Paano nabuo ang lalawigan ng Occidental Mindoro ayon sa batas?

Paano nabuo ang lalawigan ng Occidental Mindoro at Oriental Mindoro ayon sa batas?

Paghihiwalay
Noong June 13, 1950, sa papamagitan ng Batas Pambansa bilang 505 (RA 505 / Republic Act 505) ay ipahayag ang paghihiwalay ng Kanlurang Mindoro sa Silangang Mindoro



REPUBLIC ACT NO. 505

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 505  - AN ACT TO CREATE THE PROVINCES OF ORIENTAL MINDORO AND OCCIDENTAL MINDORO

Section 1.    The Province of Mindoro is hereby divided into two provinces, to be known as Oriental Mindoro and Occidental Mindoro, in the following manner:  

The Province of Oriental Mindoro shall consist of that portion of the present Province of Mindoro which comprises the municipalities of Baco, Bongabon, Bulalacao, Calapan, Mansalay, Naujan, Pinamalayan, Pola, Puerto Galera, Roxas, and San Teodoro. 

The Province of Occidental Mindoro shall consist of the other portion of the present Province of Mindoro, comprising the municipalities of Abra de Ilog, Looc, Lubang, Mamburao, Paluan, Sablayan, San Jose, and Sta. Cruz. 

Sec. 2.    The capital of Oriental Mindoro shall be Calapan and that of Occidental Mindoro shall be the municipality designated by at least five municipal councils of the municipalities of Occidental Mindoro, the designation to be made not later than fifteen days after the constitution of said province. In the event of a failure to make the designation as herein required, the President of the Philippines shall designate the capital of the said province. 

Sec. 3.    Except as hereinafter provided, all provisions of law now or hereafter applicable to the regular provinces shall be applicable to the Provinces of Oriental Mindoro and Occidental Mindoro. 

Sec. 4.    The elective provincial officers of the former Province of Mindoro elected at the last general election shall continue to govern the Province of Oriental Mindoro until their successors shall have been elected and shall have qualified. The provincial governor, the provincial treasurer, and the provincial fiscal of Oriental Mindoro shall continue to receive the salaries they are receiving at the time of the approval of this Act, until the new readjustment of salaries in accordance with existing law. 

Sec. 5.    As soon as this Act shall be carried into execution, the elective provincial officers of the Province of Occidental Mindoro shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines, with the advice and consent of the Commission on Appointments, and shall hold office until their successors shall have been duly elected at the next general election and shall have qualified. 

Sec. 6.    The Provinces of Oriental Mindoro and Occidental Mindoro shall each have one Representative: Provided, That the present Representative for the Province of Mindoro shall, during his term of office as such, be the Representative for the Province of Oriental Mindoro: Provided, further, That he shall likewise be the Representative for the Province of Occidental Mindoro until a Representative for the latter province shall have been elected in the next general election for national officials or in a special election called for the purpose. 

Sec. 7.    The funds and obligations and the property of all kinds to be assigned to the Provinces of Oriental Mindoro and Occidental Mindoro upon the execution of the provisions of this Act shall be distributed equitably between the two provinces, in such manner as the Auditor General may recommend and the President of the Philippines approve.   

Sec. 8.    This Act shall take effect on such date as may, by proclamation, be set by the President of the Philippines. 

Approved: June 13, 1950

Kabihasnang Hittites

Kabihasnan ng Hittites 

Kasaysayan
May kaugnayan sa mga tao ng Europa at hilagang Indya ang mga Hitita.Tinawid nila ang mga bulubundukin ng Caucasus mula silangang-gitnang Europa upang masakop ang Anatolia.Naging kabisera nila ang lungsod ng Hattusa na malapit sa modernong Ankara.Nang maging makapangyarihan sila noong mga 1500 BK,lumalaganap sila sa silangan sa kahabaan ng baybayin ng Mideteraneo.

Pamahalaan at Lipunan
-Dakilang Hari o Arwa ang tawag sa pinuno ng Hittite
-ang hari ay pinunong militar at pinunong panrelihiyon
-mayroong tungkulin at kapangyarihan ng reyna
-ktayuan ng mga alipin:mayroong karapatan laban sa mga amo at maari silang magkaroon ng mga ari-arian.

Ambag ng HITTITES
-Unang gumagamit ng bakal
-unang gumagamit ng kabayo na panghila karwahe (chariot)
-pagkaroon ng titulo ng lupa at mga talaan nito.
Ang mga "HITTITES"
-Isang makasaysayang lahi ng mga sinaunang taong Anatoliano na nagsasalita ng wikang Hitita.
-Nagtayo sila ng kahariang tinatawag na Kahariang Hitita.
-nagmula sila sa Indo-europeo
-tinatawag din silang Imperyong Hitita noong ika-14 na siglo B.C.E. nang masakop nila ang buong Anatolia,hilagang-kanluran ng Siria hanggang sa Ilog Litani at sa Hilaga ng Mesopotamya.Isa itong imperyong nasa kinalalagyan ng pangkasalukuyang gitnang Turkiyo,at nagtagal ng may 700 mga taon,mula noon mga 1900 Bk magpahanggang 1200 BK.
-sa kasalukuyan nasa Museo ng mga Kabihasnan sa Anatolia na matatagpuan sa Ankara,Turkey ang mga artipakto ng mga Hitita at Anatoliano.

Wikang ginagamit ng mga HITTITES
-Anatolia
-Limang iba't-ibang wikang Indo-Europeong wika
-Akkadian,para sa komunikasyong pangdiplomasiya
-Sumerian paea sa panitikan

Kultura, Ekonomiya, Pag-unlad
Kultura
-pagtuklas at paggamit ng bakal ang kanilang pagkakilanlan

Ekonomiya
-Agrikultura ang pangunahing ikinabubuhay
-nag-aalaga ng mga hayop para sa ikabubuhay at transportasyon

Pag-unlad
-ang pagkakilala sa matatanda na namamagitan at nag-aayos sa away ng magsasaka ang pag-unlad sa agrikultura

Relihiyon at panitikan
-Paniniwala sa maraming diyos-politeismo
-paniniwala sa diyos ng ibang lahi o lupaing nasakop
-"diyos ng panahon"
-"ginang araw"
-Telipinu-"nawawalng diyos"


Dahilan ng pagbagsak ng kabihasnang hittite

Ang pagkakawalan nila ng pagkakaisa